Nasya Vidhi chapter explains the various methods, types of use, indications, and contraindications for nasal instillation of medicines. The chapter explains in detail the types, methods, indications, and contraindications of Nasya therapy. It is the 20th chapter in Ashtanga Hrudaya Sutrasthana, written by Acharya Vagbhata, the son of Vaidyapathi Simhagupta.
Nasya – Nasal medicine is specifically used to treat conditions from the upper parts of the shoulders.
The nose is the main entry point for the head. By spreading the nasal area, the medication can reach all parts of the neck and head and treat ailments. 1
Trividha Nasya – three kinds of Nasal medication:
Nasya types Trividha Nasya
Nasya treatment can be described into three types
1. Virechana Nasya – purgatory
2. Brimhana Nasya is nourishing and. 3. Shamana – Palliative,
It is cleaner. It eliminates the Doshas of the neck and head of the body. It can be beneficial in Shirashoola, headaches,
Jadya: loss of head movement as well as stiffness, heaviness
Eye diseases involving Syanda Galamaya – disorders of the throat Shopha – swelling
Ganda – an increase in glands Krumi – Worm infestation Granthi – tumor, fibroid Kushta – skin diseases Apasmara – Epilepsy and Peenasa – Rhinitis
Shodhana Nasya karma
Shodhana Nasya uses fats (oils and Ghee) suitable for illnesses and processed with the appropriate medications in the form of Paste, decoction, etc., and combined with salt, honey, (fermented to make an infusion). 5
Brimhana nasya indications
A nourishing kind of Nasya treatment is recommended to treat Vataja Shoola headaches of Vata source, Suryavarta – a headache that worsens by the day. Svarakshaya – loss of voice, Nasa, Asya Shosha – impure – dryness of the mouth and nose Vak Sangha – Tough to speak.
Krichra Bodha – difficulties in opening eyes and
Avabahuka– difficulty in arm movement. 3
Brimhana nasya karma
Brimhana Nasya is the consumption of juice from the blood or meat of animals in desert-like areas, and the Khapura plant extracts Gums, resin, etc.
Shamana nasya indications
A nasal spray is needed for Neelika’s blue skin areas. Vyanga patches that are discolored on the face, and other diseases of the hair and the eyes. 4
Shamana Nasya is the consumption of juices from meat, blood milk, or even water.
Anya Nasya Prakarah – other kinds of nasal medication:-
Marsha, as well as Pratimarsha, are two subdivisions of the sneha nasya Nasal medication made from fats based on the amount of fats that are used.
Avapeeda is derived from powder (Kalka), fresh juice, and decoction and is a powerful purgation for the head.
Dhmana is in the form of powder- to be blown into the nose and is virechaniya nasya.
The method is to blow it in by blowing breath from the mouth. The force is stored in a tube of 6 Angula in length. It has an opening on both sides. It draws out the severely imbalanced Doshas due to their being in the form of a powder. 8
Nasya Matra – the number of nasal drops
The quantity of liquid is when submerging two digits of your index fingers in liquid before taking the finger out is one bindu – 1 drop.
10 8, 6, such drops constitute the highest dosages, medium, and minimum for Marsha Nasya (oil or fat-based medication).
For Paste (Kalka) Fresh juice, and decoction, the dosages are lower than two bindu. i.e., minimum, medium, and maximum is the Avapidaka type of Nasya is 6,4 and 8 drops, respectively.
Nasya Ayogya – persons unsuitable to nasal medication
Nasya Ayogya – persons unsuitable to nasal medication
Nasal medications shouldn’t be given to people who
Just after drinking wine, water, synthetic poison (Garavisha – chronic poisoning), and fat (as part of Snehana therapy) or those who want to consume them soon,
those who have eaten just the same,
who have taken a bath or want to take a bath soon,
people who have received bloodletting therapy or had extreme bleeding caused by other reasons,
with acute Rhinitis
People who are experiencing natural body urges;
the woman who recently gave birth,
Patients with dyspnoea, COPD, Asthma, and cough,
individuals who have had purification (Panchakarma) treatments (Vamana Virechana and Virechana)
Who have received Basti treatment, and then,
in the unsuitable season and
on days with cloudy skies, except when an emergency is due to illnesses. 11-12 1/2
Nasya Yogya – persons suitable to nasal medication
Nasya Yogya – persons suitable to nasal medication
Nasal medications are recommended to be administered within
morning for Shleshma – an increase in Kapha,
in the middle of the day for Pitta.
Either at night or in the evening to stay healthy.
In the months of Sharath (Autumn) and b (Spring), it is recommended to give it in the afternoon. In winter, it should be offered in the middle of the day. Evenings in Grisma -summer,
the time of day when there is the sun in Varsha the rainy season.
It is recommended to do it daily, in the evening and the morning, for the following ailments. Vataja Shiroroga – Headaches the skull caused by Vata,
Hikka – Hiccup,
Ayama – tetanus,
Apatanaka – Convulsive disorders,
Manyasthambha – neck stiffness and
Svarakshaya Hoarseness of voice 13-15
For other illnesses, the procedure should be performed on alternate days for one week.
Nasya Vidhi – procedure of nasya karma
Nasya Vidhi – procedure of nasya karma
A person’s head, who has been able to attend to these essential tasks, elimination of feces and urine, cleaning of mouth and teeth, and mouth, etc. before that, must get massaged using oil and given stimulation (mild sweating).
The man should then be made to lie on a cot in a room that is air-free,
the upper part of the shoulders must be given stimulation (mild sweating), and again, He is required to lie upright with his face up. Extending his legs and arms,
the medicine is gently warmed with hot water. It can be taken as a tube or a cloth, then injected into each nostril in a series and kept shut by the other. After instilling the medicine, the soles of the neck, hands, ears, etc., should be gently massaged, after which he should switch sides and then spit the entire medication is released.
In this way, two or three nasal medicines must be administered to him.
If the person is unconscious, cold water must be sprinkled on the head, not the face. 21
Sneha Nasya – Nasal medicine made of fat-based materials:
Sneha Nasya Karma
Nasal medications containing fat are recommended after the Nasal purgative medication, considering Doshas and other factors.
Nasya paschat karma
Once the medication has been finished after which, the patient is required to lie with his face facing upwards for the duration of uttering 100 words (for about 100 seconds),
Then, he should inhale the smoke of medicinal herbs and then gargle the mouth using lukewarm, saline water numerous times to clean the throat.
Samyak Nasya Lakshana and Symptoms that indicate good Sneha Nasya (with oil or Ghee)
Samyak Nasya Lakshana
(remember the fact that Marsha, as well as Pratimarsha, are the two kinds of Sneha nasya) Sukha Uchvasa (expiration without difficulty),
Sukha Swapna – sleep
Sukha Bodha is simple to wake from sleep, and
Akshapatava – a keenness of the sense organs
Are there signs of properly lubricating the nasal treatment performed? 23
Asamyak Nasya Lakshana or Signs of an insufficient Sneha Nasya (with oil or Ghee) (with oil or Ghee)
Asamyak Nasya Lakshana
Akshi stabdhata The loss of eye movements,
Shosha Nasa asye dryness, emaciation of the mouth and nose Murdha shunyata, feeling of emptiness in the head
Dryness is a sign of dehydration or insufficient the amount of lubrication.
Symptoms of excessive Sneha Nasya
Kandu – Itching
Guruta – feeling heavy in the neck, Praseka – excess salivation,
Aruchi – anorexia
Peenasa – Rhinitis
are indicators of an excess of Lubrication therapy. 24
Samyak Virechana nasya Lakshana – Symptoms of Good Virechana (Purgation) Nasya therapy
Samyak Virechana nasya Lakshana
Akshi laghuta is the lightness of eyes,
Vaktra swara Vishuddhi: Clean voice and clear mouth;
Poorly formulated Virechana Nasya (purgative therapy ) results in an exacerbation of illnesses, and excessive therapy can lead to the appearance of emaciation. 25
Pratimarsha Nasya is one form of fat / oil Nasya. The dose here is extremely low. This is why it is recommended for a variety of ailments.
It is possible to administer it to
Kshata – injured, Kshaama is the one who has been emaciated.
Baala The children,
Vruddha is elderly and
Sukhaatma – people who live an enlightened, conservative lifestyle;
it is possible to administer at times unsuitable for the season, time, and even during the day. It is also possible to administer in rainy seasons.
Contra indication for Pratimarsha nasya
It’s not appropriate for
Dushta Peenasa – infective Rhinitis,
Madyapeeta, those who had a glass of wine,
Abalashrota – Individuals with weak ears and hearing loss.
Krumidushita Murdha Head of worms infested,
Utklishta Dosha – wherein the people in the Doshas are unbalanced and move from one location to the next;
In these circumstances, it’s not suitable due to its smaller quantity. 26-27
Pratimarsha Kala time to administer Pratimarsha Nasya
Pratimarsha Kala – time to administer Pratimarsha Nasya
After head massage
After Gandusha (gargling)
After Anjana – collyrium,
After brushing your teeth,
After several bouts of laughter
The dosage is two Bindu 2 drops. 28Pratimarsha nasya benefits
Pratimarsha cleanses, cleanses the channels, eases fatigue, improves vision and strengthens the teeth, and lessens the Vata.29
Nasya Kriya Nisiddha Vaya – Contraindications not suitable age for Nasya
Nasya should not be given to anyone who is younger than seven years old and who is more than 80 years old;
Dhuma smoking of drugs shouldn’t be given to children under 18 years of age; Kavala mouth gargling should not be used for children younger than five years old; Shodhana purification (Panchakarma) therapies such as Vamana, Virechana, etc. should not be given to children below 10 years old and over 70 years old. 30-31
Pratimarsha is a type of nasal medicine effective from birth to death as Basti treatment. It offers the same benefits as Marsha Nasya (oil and dosage high if taken daily). It does not require any control over activities and food, nor does it carry any risk like Marsha Nasya. 32
The oil that is medicated only is suitable to use daily for Nasya (Pratimarsha) because The head of the animal is the main dwelling area of kapha, and only oil other than oil can keep it healthy. 33
The immediate and delayed actions with fewer and more advantages result in Marsha and Pratimarsa, respectively.
If there’s no distinction between them, who would use marsha, which is linked to controls about food, activities, and risk?
The same is true for
Acchapana is the consumption of fats in pure form and
Vicharanais the intake of fats in combination with foods and other foods.
The same is true for Kuti Pravesikais a type of rejuvenation treatment in which the patient must stay in a home for weeks at a time and take Chyawanprash and so on. and
Vatatapika Rejuvenation treatment in which the patient can perform the work he does every day. Similar to
Anuvasana is a fat enema and
Matra basti fat enema with very tiny oil.
Anu taila Ashtang Hridaya Nasya
Jivanti, Jala, Devadaru, Jalada, Tweak, Sevya, Gopi (saliva), Hima, Darvi tweak, Madhuka, Plava, Agaru, Shatavari, Pundrahva, Bilva, Utpala, the two Dhavani, Surabhi, the two Sthira, Krmihara (Vidanga), Patram (Cinnamon leaf), Truti (Cardamom), Renuka, Kinjalka, Kamala (lotus) and Bala- should be cooked to one hundred percent of rainwater or pure water, and then decoction reduced to a Tenth of the part;
A similar amount of sesame oil was added to this mixture, then cooked ten times.
(the decoction is added to the oil and boiled until the water evaporates. Another time, the same quantity of decoction is added and evaporated. The process repeats 10 times. In the tenth cooking session, the same amount of goat’s milk (equal to the amount in oil) is added, and cooking is finished. The oil, known as Anutaila, is used to make nasal drops and provides great benefits. 37-38
Nasya Benefits – Benefits of Nasya treatment – Nasya Phala
The shoulders, skin neck, face, chest, and shoulders develop into thick, well-developed, and bright.
The body’s parts and sense organs are strengthened.
The disappearance of grey hairs can be experienced by those accustomed to taking nasal medications. 39
FAQ’s of Nasya Karma
what is nasya karma?
Nasya is one among the panchakarma procedures in which medicated oil is poured in nose to treat Urdhwajatru Vikara. (Diseases above shoulder region)
what are the types of nasya karma?
What are the indications of virechana nasya?
What are the indications of brimhana nasya?
vataja shoola,suryavarta,svarakshaya,nasa,asya shosha,vak sangha,krichra bodha,avabahuka
What are the indications of shamana nasya?
giod for hair,eyes and skin, discoloration of skin.
what are the types of sneha nasya?
1. Marsha and 2.Pratimarsha nasya.
what is avapeeda nasya?
in which powder (Kalka), fresh juice and decoction is poured into nose and which is powerful purgation for the head
what is dhamana nasya?
in dhamana nasya powder is blown into the nose and which is a type of virechaniya nasya
what is the quantity of medicine used in marsha nasya karma?
10 drops for maximum, 8 for medium and 6 for minimum
what is the quantity of medicine used in avapidaka nasya karma?
4 minimum, 6 medium and 8 maximum
who should not perform nasya karma?
who just consumed wine,water, poison and fat,basti,bath,food,bloodletting,acute rhinitis,recent pregnancy,dyspnoea,copd,asthma and cough,unsuitable season and cloudy skies
what are the indications of nasya karma?
how to do nasya karma?
gentle massage should be given on face upper shoulder region then mild sweating has to be done using hot water bag not over the eyes then position upright with faceup and oil/medicine is slighly warm and poured into the nose, spit the medicine and gargaling with hot water has to be done
what is the paschat karma of nasya?
lie down for 100 seconds in face upward position then should inhale medicated smoke and at last gargle using warm water.
what are the samyak sneha nasya lakshana?
sukha uchvasa,sukha swapna,sukha bodha and akshapatava
what are the signs of insufficient sneha nasya?
akshi stabdhata, shosha nasa asye, murdha shunyata and dyness
what are the signs of excessive sneha nasya?
what are the samyak virechana nasya lakshana?
akshi laghuta, vakra swara vishiddhi
what is pratimarsha nasya?
it is a type of sneha nasya in which oil is used but in extremely low quantity 2-2 drops and can be performed daily without any adverse effects.
what are the indications of pratimarsha nasya?
what are the contraindications of pratimarsha nasya?
dushta peenasa,madyapeeta,abalashrota,krumidushita,utklishta dosha
what is the age criteria for nasya karma?
from 7 years upto 80 years